ChatGPT has told us:

Kazimierz Dabrowski, a Polish psychologist and psychiatrist, proposed the theory of positive disintegration, which suggests that gifted individuals are more likely to experience a range of overexcitabilities. According to Dabrowski, overexcitabilities are innate, heightened sensitivities that gifted individuals possess in one or more of the following areas:

  1. Psychomotor overexcitability: This refers to an excess of physical energy and restlessness. Gifted individuals with psychomotor overexcitability may have a strong need for movement, may be fidgety or have trouble sitting still, and may have a high level of physical activity.
  2. Sensual overexcitability: This refers to heightened sensory experiences. Gifted individuals with sensual overexcitability may be extremely sensitive to smells, tastes, textures, and sounds, and may be overwhelmed by sensory stimuli that others find normal.
  3. Intellectual overexcitability: This refers to a heightened capacity for intellectual activity, curiosity, and the pursuit of knowledge. Gifted individuals with intellectual overexcitability may have a strong need to learn, may be constantly seeking new information, and may have an intense desire to understand complex ideas.
  4. Imaginational overexcitability: This refers to a rich inner world of imagination and fantasy. Gifted individuals with imaginational overexcitability may have a strong creative drive, vivid imagination, and a tendency towards daydreaming, fantasy, and visual imagery.
  5. Emotional overexcitability: This refers to a heightened sensitivity and intensity of emotions. Gifted individuals with emotional overexcitability may feel deeply, experience a wide range of emotions, and be highly empathetic and compassionate.

Gifted individuals can experience one or more overexcitabilities, and these sensitivities can have both positive and negative impacts on their lives. On the positive side, overexcitabilities can lead to exceptional creativity, intellectual curiosity, and a strong sense of empathy and compassion. However, they can also result in feelings of overwhelm, anxiety, and difficulty with self-regulation. It’s important for gifted individuals and their educators and caregivers to recognize and understand these overexcitabilities in order to better support and nurture their unique needs and strengths.

The answer provided by ChatGPT has been reviewed and approved by the TAG committee.